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Where to go in Istanbul

| 28/05/2013

Hagia Sophia is a former patriarchal basilica, later a mosque, now a museum in Istanbul, Turkey. Famous in particular for its massive dome, it is considered the epitome of Byzantine architecture. It was the largest cathedral in the world for nearly a thousand years, until the completion of the Seville Cathedral in 1520.

Topkapi Palace is a palace in Istanbul, Turkey, which was the official and primary residence in the city of the Ottoman Sultans, from 1465 to 1853. The palace was a setting for state occasions and royal entertainments and is a major tourist attraction today. The name directly translates as “Cannon gate Palace”, from the palace being named after a nearby, now destroyed, gate.

Blue Mosque, The Sultan Ahmed Mosque is the national mosque of Turkey, and is a historical mosque in Istanbul, the largest city in Turkey and the capital of the Ottoman Empire (from 1453 to 1923). The mosque is one of several mosques known as the Blue Mosque for the blue tiles adorning the walls of its interior.

Basilica Cistern, (Turkish: Yerebatan Sarayi – Sunken Palace, or Yerebatan Sarnici – Sunken Cistern), is the largest of several hundred ancient cisterns that lie beneath the city of Istanbul (formerly Constantinople), Turkey. The cistern, located South West of the St. Sophia on the historical peninsula of Sarayburnu, was built in the 6th century during the reign of Byzantine Emperor Justinian I.

Archaeology museum The site of the museums actually belonged to the Topkapi Palace outer gardens. The museum was founded by decree as the Imperial Museum (Imparatorluk Muzesi). When it opened to the public in 1891, it was the first one to feature Turkish art. The first curator was Osman Hamdi Bey, who was also the founder of the museum.

Turkish and Islamical art museum The collection includes notable examples of Islamic calligraphy, tiles, and rugs as well as ethnographic displays on various cultures in Turkey, particularly nomad groups. These displays recreate rooms or dwellings from different time periods and regions.

Mosaic museum It is believed that the Great Palace of Constantinople was constructed during the reign of Justinian I (527-565). The Great Palace mosaic was the largest and the most beautiful landscape in antiquity (6th century A.D). No where in the world of late antiquity can we find a building with a tessellated pavement of similar size and perfection of workmanship.

Grand BazaarThe Grand Bazaar (Turkish: Kapalicarsi “Covered Bazaar”) in Istanbul is one of the largest covered markets in the world with more than 58 streets, over 4000 shops, and has between 250,000 and 400,000 visitors daily. It is well known for its jewelry, pottery, spice, and carpet shops. Many of the stalls in the bazaar are grouped by type of goods, with special areas for leather coats, gold jewelry and the like.

Spice Bazaar There are several documents suggesting the name of the bazaar was first (New Bazaar). However, due to the fact that many spices were imported via Egypt in the Ottoman period, the name “Mysyr Carsisi” was favoured by the public. The word mysyr has a double meaning in Turkish: “Egypt” and “maize”. This is why sometimes the name is wrongly translated as “Corn Bazaar”. The bazaar was (and still is) the center for spice trade in Istanbul.

Arasta Bazaar in Istanbul is a small market close to the Sultan Ahmed Mosque. It is known for its jewelry, pottery, spice, textiles, and carpet shops. As opposed to the large crowds at the Grand Bazaar, the Arasta Bazaar is more low-key. Located at the arasta Bazaar is the Great Palace Mosaic Museum.

Hippodrome Istanbul, Hippodrome, At meydani, Hippodrome Sultanahmet (At Meydani) was the center of the citys public life during centuries. Its construction was started by Roman Emperor Septimius Severus in 203. It was enlarged and richly embellished by Constantine the Great and after him, many emperors rivalled to adorn it. The hippodrome was approximately 400 m/ 438 yards in length and 120 m/ 131 yards in breadth. At the northern end were the “carceres”, stalls for the horses and “bigae”, two-horse chariots, and “quadrigae”, four-horse chariots.

German Fountain The idea of Great Palace of Constantinoples Empire Lodge (Kathisma) being on the site of the german Fountains, conflicts with the view that Carceres Gates of hippodrome was found on the site of the fountain however, the hypothesis of Carceres Gates being on the site enforces the view that Quadriga of Lysippos was used to stand on the site of the german Fountain.

Carpet Museum is situated in the same building complex as the Blue Mosque (Sultan Ahmet Mosque). The museum includes ca. 60 Anatolian carpets from the 16th-19th century. Especially some 16-18th century carpets found in the Ulu Mosque in Divrigi in Eastern Anatolia in the Sivas region are very interesting.

Firuz Aga Mosque The mosque, located on Divanyolu, just in front of the Tramway Station of sultanahmet, was built by Firuz Aga, head treasurer of Sultan Beyazit II. (1447- 1512) in 1491. It has a square plan with a dome and reflects Bursa style. It was built from cut stone and placed on an octagonal tambour. Windows composed of distichous with two and the inscription belongs to Seyh Hamdullah Efendi.

Theodosius Obelisk The Obelisk of Theodosius (Turkish Dikilitas) is the Egyptian obelisk of pharaoh Tutmoses III re erected in the hippodrome of Constantinople (known today as At Meydani, in the modern city of Istanbul, Turkey) by the Roman emperor Theodosius I.The obelisk was first set up by Tutmoses III to the south of the seventh pylon of the great temple of Karnak.

Serpent Column (also known as the Serpentine Column, Delphi Tripod or the Plataean Tripod) is an ancient column at the hippodrome (known as Atmeydany “Horse Square” in the Ottoman period) in sultanahmet quarter of Istanbul, Turkey. It is an ancient Greek sacrificial tripod, originally located in Delphi and later relocated to Constantinople (modern Istanbul) by Constantine I in 324. The serpent heads of the 8-meter high column remained until the end of the 17th century. One of the missing heads was later found and put on display at the Istanbul Archaeology Museums.

Binbirdirek Cistern which was built by the order of Philoksenos, (a Senate member in the Constantinus I period of the 4th century) under Lausus Palace is located between sultanahmet and Beyazit, just across from the Adalet Sarayi (Justice Palace).

Sokullu Mehmet Pasha Mosque (Turkish: Sokullu Pasa Camii) is an Ottoman mosque located in the Kadirga neighborhood of the eminonu district of Istanbul

Beyazit

Istanbul University (Turkish: Istanbul Universitesi) is Turkey s oldest and most prestigious university. Its graduates have been the main source of academic staff for the Turkish university system, as well as providing bureaucrats, professionals, and business people

Beyazit Mosque was commissioned by Ottoman Sultan Bayezid II, and was the second large imperial mosque complex to be erected in Istanbul after the Conquest. As the earliest complex, the Fatih Mosque was subsequently destroyed by earthquakes and completely rebuilt in a different style, the Beyazidye complex is thus of considerable historical and architectural significance.

Beyazit Tower was ordered by the Ottoman Sultan Mahmud II (1808-1839), and designed by Senekerim Balyan who built it of stone in 1828 on the place of the original wooden Beyazit Tower which was destroyed in a fire and was constructed earlier by the architect s brother, Krikor Balyan.

Turkish Bath Of Beyazit Beyazit Hamam is located in Istanbuls Beyazit district, on Ordu Street. It was built by the mother of Yavuz Sultan Selim, Hurrem Sultan, to provide revenue for the Mosque built in edirne in 15th century. It is also known as Patrona Halil Hamamy, the bath has taken its name from Patrona Halil, who had been a rebel and worked for some time as a tellak (wash boy) in the Hamam.

Simkeshane This is a place where craftsmen processing silver and golden threads worked. It was formerly on the area where Corlulu Ali Pasha Madrasah was located and later on it was moved from Beyazit to Aksaray. The first mint of Istanbul was inside the Simkeshane

Suleymaniye

Suleymaniye Mosque (Turkish: Suleymaniye Camii) is an Ottoman imperial mosque located on the Third Hill of Istanbul, Turkey. It is the second largest mosque in the city, and one of the best-known sights of Istanbul. The Mosque was built on the order of Sultan Suleiman I (Suleiman the Magnificent) and was constructed by the great Ottoman architect Mimar Sinan. The construction work began in 1550 and the mosque was finished in 1557

Tombs of Magnificent Suleyman Known to Europeans as the Magnificent and to his subjects as the Lawgiver, Suleyman I was both a brilliant military strategist and an acclaimed legislator. The sultan shook the world of the 16th century as he raised the Ottoman Empire to the height of its glory from his seat in Istanbul.

Suleymaniye Hamam built in 1557 by Sinan the architect, was one of the most visited places by Suleyman, the Magnificent. Suleymaniye Bath, designed by Sinan the Architect is a part of the complex (kulliye) including the suleymaniye mosque In the bath there is a lodge built for Sultan Suleyman the Magnificent and nowadays the bath is running as a touristic establishment in which women and men may bath together.

Kalenderhane Mosque (Turkish: Kalenderhane Camii) is a former Eastern Orthodox church in Istanbul, converted into a mosque by the Ottomans. With high probability the church was originally dedicated to the Theotokos Kyriotissa. This building represents one among the few still extant examples of a Byzantine church with domed Greek cross plan.

Laleli

Laleli Mosque (Turkish: Laleli Camii, or Tulip Mosque) is an Ottoman imperial mosque located in Laleli, Fatih, Istanbul.
The Mosque was built by Sultan Mustafa III from 1760–1763, designed in the baroque style by Ottoman imperial architect Mehmet Tahir Aga.

Laleli Bodrum Mesihpasha Mosque Bodrum Mosque (Turkish: Bodrum Camii, or Mesih Pasa Camii after the name of its founder) is a former Eastern Orthodox church converted into a mosque by the Ottomans. The church was known under the Greek name of Myrelaion.

Sehzadebasi Mosque It is at Sarachane across the Minicipality Palace. Suleyman the Great ordered Mimar Sinan to construct a mosque in memory of his 1543 died son, Mehmet, and construction started on 1544, had completed on 1548. Mosque, which is at the city center, is in the middle of a complex composed of theology schools, mausoleums, tabhane and imaret.

Bozdogan Arch is one of the oldest water structures of Istanbul. It is also named as Hadrianus or Valens arch. It is construction dates back to the Byzantine era. However, the preciese date of it is construction is not known. The arch built by the Byzantine people in order to provide water to Istanbul was demaged in time.

Cankurtaran – Kucukayasofya – kumkapi

Ahirkapi Lighthouse Todays Ahirkapi lighthouse was built by French constructor for Lighthouses Authority during Ottoman Empire period in 01.01.1857 and it still keeps its prior beauty and presence up.

Dedeefendi House One of the greatest Turkish composers. He has created masterpieces in all forms and modes of Turkish music. He has also developed the composite musical modes of “sultan yegah”, “neveser”, “saba buselik”, “hicaz buselik” and “Araban kurdi”. His greatest works are the seven Mevlevi pieces for Samah. More than 200 hundred of his compositions are available today.

Erol Tas Culture Center located at in old city of Istanbul, Cankurtaran. This is a place where people meet and enjoy their free time with conservation and playing back gamon. Erol Tas is one of the famous actor of Turkish cinema.

Akbiyik Mosque Istanbul, Akbiyik camii, Akbiyik mosque istanbul This little mosque that is located outside the city walls near Ahirkapi and was built in the name of Sufi poet Akbiyik in the 15th century is known as the closest mosque to the direction of Mecca in Istanbul.

Kucukayasofya Tekkesi There are handicraft workshops, souvenir sellers and booksellers in the building that was turned into a center of traditional handicrafts.

Kucukayasofya Mosque is identified as the Church of Sts. Sergius and Bacchus, constructed by Justinian I (527-565) following his ascension to the throne and is often considered the pre-cursor to the Great Church of hagia sophia.

Kumkapi (meaning sand gate in Turkish) is part of the sultanahmet and cankurtaran district of Istanbul. It is located along the Marmara Sea. Up to recent times, kumkapi was mostly inhabited by Armenians, who still have a community school and several churches there. It is also the seat of the Armenian Patriarchate of Constantinople.

eminonu – sirkeci

Yenicami Kulliyesi The mosque which is located in the center of the kulliye is the most magnificent sultan mosque near the shore and it completes the silhouette of Istanbul.

Sirkeci Railroad Station Istanbul Sirkeci (Turkish: Sirkeci Gari) is a terminus main station of the Turkish State Railways (TCDD) in Sirkeci, on the European part of Istanbul, Turkey. International, domestic and regional trains running westwards depart from this station which was inaugurated as the terminus of the Orient Express.

Spice Bazaar (Turkish: Misir Carsisi, or Egyptian Bazaar) in Istanbul, Turkey is one of the oldest bazaars in the city. Located in eminonu, it is the second largest covered shopping complex after the grand bazaar.

Rustem Pasha Mosque was designed by Ottoman imperial architect Mimar Sinan for Grand Vizier Damat Rustem Pasha (husband of one of the daughters of Suleiman the Magnificent, Princess Mihrimah). It s building took place from 1561 to 1563.

The Big Post Office , it is in Sirkeci on the big post office Avenue. The construction of the building which was built as the post and telegraph office started in 1905 and it was completed four years later.

Sepetciler Palace The Basketmakers Kiosk, also known as Sepetciler Palace (Sepetciler Kasri), is a former Ottoman pleasure palace located on the southern shore of Golden Horn s mouth at Sarayburnu in the neighborhood of Sirkeci in Istanbul

Dogubank electronic shopping is located europen side of Istanbul. You can find any kind of electronic staf or a place for repair your cell phone, camera etc. Dogubank is located in Sirkeci district of Istanbul. It is in walking destination from old city

Sekerci Haci Bekir Turkish Delight, lokum, or loukoum is a confection made from starch and sugar. It is often flavored with rosewater and lemon, the former giving it a characteristic pale pink color. It has a soft, jelly-like and sometimes sticky consistency, and is often packaged and eaten in small cubes that are dusted with icing sugar or copra to prevent sticking.

Kuru Kahveci Mehmet Efendi Turkish coffee (see name and variants for other names) is coffee prepared by boiling finely powdered roast coffee beans in a pot (cezve), possibly with sugar, and serving it into a cup, where the dregs settle.

New Galata Bridge The Galata Bridge (in Turkish Galata Koprusu) is a bridge that spans the Golden Horn in Istanbul, Turkey. From the end of the 19th century in particular, the bridge has featured in Turkish literature, theater, poetry and novels.

The Golden Horn (halic)

Stephan Bulgarian Church which belongs to Bulgarian minority is may be the most interesting church of Istanbul. Bulgarian residents of Ottoman Empire previously performed their religious rituals in the churches of Fener Orthodox Patriarchy.

Aya Yorgi Church Aya Yorgi Fener Greek Orthodox Patriarchy Church is in Fener, between Sadrazam Ali Pasa Road and Incebel Street. Greek Orthodox Patriarchy is located in the yard of this church.

Rahmi Koc Museum is the first major museum in Turkey dedicated to the history of Transport, Industry and Communications. Housed in magnificent buildings – themselves prime examples of industrial archaeology – on the shore of the historic Golden Horn, the collection contains thousands of items from gramophone needles to full size ships and aircraft.

Feshane International Fair Congress and Culture Center has all the facilities required for the successful and unforgettable organizations that you will make in Istanbul.

Rezan Has Museum Introduction of Rezan Has Museum to world of culture and art has been realized with the exhibition “Timeless Simplicity” which was the opening exhibition of 11th Oriental Carpet Conference. Our museum is preparing its exhibitions by concentrating on the theme halic incorporating the traces of Byzantine, Ottoman and Republic periods due to its location.

Fatih – edirnekapi – Zeyrek

Fethiye Mosque The Fethiye or Victory Mosque was converted from the Church of the Monastery of Theotokos Pammakaristos in 1591 by Murad III to commemorate the conquest of Georgia and Azerbaijan, and to serve the community s increasing Muslim population.

Yavuz Sultan Selim Mosque and Kulliye The Yavuz-Sultan-Selim mosque in Mannheim, Germany, named for Selim I, is the biggest mosque in Germany. The mosque attracts up to 3,000 Muslims every weekend.

Pantocrator Church Istanbul s Church of the Pantocrator, now a mosque named Zeyrek Camii, is a former monastery church and one of the most important historic landmarks of the Byzantine period

Tekfur Palace is a rare and outstanding example of Byzantine palace architecture, situated just within Istanbuls city walls near edirnekapisi gate. Although a large number of superb Byzantine buildings have been preserved in Turkey, Greece and Italy, these are almost without exception churches or monasteries.

Mihrimah Sultan Kulliye The Mihrimah Sultan mosque was built for Mihrimah Sultan, daughter of Suleyman the Magnificent (1520-1566), as part of a complex that includes a madrasa, an infirmary, a school, and baths.

beyoglu – taksim

Arab Mosque is a mosque in Istanbul, based upon a former Roman Catholic church devoted to Saint Paul (Italian: San Paolo) and Saint Dominic (Italian: San Domenico). Although the structure was altered during the Ottoman period, it represents the most typical example of Gothic architecture in Constantinople still extant.

Ataturk Culture Center The complex comprises the “Grand Stage”, a hall with a 1,307 seat capacity hosting theater acts of Turkish State Theatres and performances of the Turkish State Opera and Ballet, and the “Concert Hall”

St. Antuan Church St. Anthony of Padua Cathedral, alternatively known as the Sant Antonio di Padova Cathedral, S. Antonio di Padova, St. Antoine or St. Antuan, is the largest cathedral of the Roman Catholic Church in Istanbul,

Cicek Pasaji Cicek Pasaji (literally Flower Passage in Turkish), originally called the Cité de Péra, is a famous historic passage (galleria or arcade) on Istiklal Avenue in the beyoglu (Pera) district of Istanbul, Turkey. It connects Istiklal Avenue with Sahne Street

Galatasaray Bathhouse Hammam Culture is a Turkish tradition dating back to olden times. Galatasay Hammam is a hammam (or steam bath house) in the Galatasaray district of the city which was one of important trade centers in Ottoman times.

Princes Islands

Buyukada is the largest of the nine so-called Princes Islands in the Sea of Marmara, near Istanbul.
It is officially a neighbourhood in the Adalar district of Istanbul,

Heybeliada is the second largest of the Princes Islands in the Sea of Marmara, near Istanbul. It is officially a neighborhood in the Adalar district of Istanbul

Burgazada It is officially a neighbourhood in the Adalar district of Istanbul. Burgaz is a common setting and even a major theme for writer Sait Faik Abasyyanyk, where he also resided.

Kinaliada (Greek: Proti) is one of the Princes Islands in the Sea of Marmara, near Istanbul, Turkey. It is officially a neighbourhood in the Adalar district of Istanbul.

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  1. The Yavuz Selim Mosque is the second oldest existent imperial mosque in Istanbul. It was commissioned by the Ottoman sultan Suleiman the Magnificent in memory of his father Selim I who died in 1520. The architect was Alaüddin (Acem Alisi).

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